The two most important factors that affect the salinity of seawater are evaporation and river discharge. Salinity is controlled by the amount of water that is lost to evaporation and the amount of freshwater that is introduced through river discharge. When there is more evaporation, the concentration of salt in the water increases, and when there is more river discharge, the concentration of salt decreases.
There are two main factors that control the salinity of seawater: evaporation and river run-off.
Evaporation is the process by which water is turned into vapor and then lost to the atmosphere. This leaves behind the dissolved minerals in the water, which increases the salinity.
River run-off is the process by which water from rivers flows into the ocean. This water is typically much less salty than seawater, so it dilutes the overall salinity of the ocean.
What are two factors that control salinity?
Salinity is the amount of salt in a body of water. It is controlled by two main factors: the amount of evaporation and the amount of freshwater inflow.
The amount of evaporation is the main factor controlling salinity in the open ocean.
As water evaporates, the salt is left behind and the water becomes more salty. The amount of freshwater inflow also affects salinity. If there is a lot of freshwater inflow, like from rivers, it will dilute the saltiness of the water.
What are the factors responsible for salinity of seawater?
Seawater salinity is determined by a number of factors, the most important of which are the evaporation of water from the oceans and the inflow of fresh water from rivers and precipitation.
As water evaporates from the surface of the oceans, the dissolved minerals in the water are left behind, increasing the salinity of the seawater. This process is accelerated in areas of high evaporation, such as the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea.
The inflow of fresh water from rivers and precipitation also affects seawater salinity. As fresh water flows into the oceans, it dilutes the salt content of the seawater. This is most significant in areas where large rivers empty into the ocean, such as the Amazon River in South America.
Variations in seawater salinity can also be caused by changes in the ocean’s circulation patterns.
What are the two main factors that control the density of seawater?
There are two primary factors that control the density of seawater: temperature and salinity.
Temperature: Cold water is denser than warm water. This is because as water cools, the molecules slow down and move closer together, increasing the water’s density.
Salinity: Saltier water is denser than freshwater. This is because the salt molecules dissolve in the water and increase the water’s mass, making it more dense.
SALINITY OF OCEAN WATER
Why is the salinity of the surface waters of the equatorial
The equatorial Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean on Earth. It covers about one-third of the planet’s surface and contains about one-half of the planet’s water. The equatorial Pacific is also the warmest and most salty ocean.
The surface waters of the equatorial Pacific are very salty because of evaporation. Evaporation is when water turns into vapor and leaves the ocean. The sun heats the water and causes the water to evaporate.
The water vapor then rises and falls back into the ocean. This process happens over and over again and makes the water saltier.
The equatorial Pacific is also the deepest ocean.
The average depth of the ocean is about 4 kilometers. The equatorial Pacific is about 7 kilometers deep. The deep waters of the equatorial Pacific are very cold and dense.
The equatorial Pacific is a very important ocean. It is home to many fish and other marine life.
There are two main factors that affect the salinity of seawater: temperature and evaporation. As water evaporates, it leaves behind salt crystals. So, warm water with high evaporation rates will have higher salinities than cold water with low evaporation rates.